Water is essential to the growth and development of any community because it effects some of the most necessary aspects. Hygiene, education, prevention of unnecessary risk, alleviation of poverty, and less pressure on water resources are all a part of keeping a healthy community.
I was able to find a list of the Millennium Development Goals on the UN website :
- MDG 1: Access to water for domestic and productive uses (agriculture, industry, and other economic activities) has a direct impact on poverty and food security.
- MDG 2: Incidence of catastrophic but often recurrent events, such as droughts, interrupts educational attainment
- MDG 3: Access to water, in particular in conditions of scarce resources, has important gender related implications, which affects the social and economic capital of women in terms of leadership, earnings and networking opportunities.
- MDGs 4 and 5: Equitable, reliable water resources management programmes reduce poor people’s vulnerability to shocks, which in turn gives them more secure and fruitful livelihoods to draw upon in caring for their children.
- MDG 6: Access to water, and improved water and wastewater management in human settlements, reduce transmission risks of mosquito-borne illnesses, such as malaria and dengue fever.
- MDG 7: Adequate treatment of wastewater contributes to less pressure on freshwater resources, helping to protect human and environmental health.
- MDG 8: Water scarcity increasingly calls for strengthened international cooperation in the fields of technologies for enhanced water productivity, financing opportunities, and an improved environment to share the benefits of scarce water management.
In my next post I am going to try and sum this up and show exactly how many of these effect the development of communities.